FAMILY BASED CARE (FBC)
FBC, a curative programme of SOS Children's Villages of India, reaches out to over 6,500 once parentless or abandoned girls and boys in 32 SOS Children's Villages across India. Each children's village has 12-15 family homes, with every home consisting of 10 children on an average along with an SOS mother. All round development including education, nutrition, health and psychological development is taken care of till the children are settled in their lives.
This programme is based on the following core concepts:
The Mother: Each child has a caring parent.
The SOS mother builds a close relationship with every child entrusted to her, and provides the security, love and stability that each child needs. As a child care professional, she lives together with the children, guides their development, and runs her household independently. She recognizes and respects each child's family background, cultural roots and religion.
Brothers and Sisters: Family ties grow naturally.
Girls and boys of different ages live together as brothers and sisters, with natural brothers and sisters always staying within the same SOS family. These children and their SOS mother builds emotional ties that last a lifetime.
The House: Each family creates its own home.
The house is the family's home, with its own unique feeling, rhythm and routine. Under its roof, children enjoy a real sense of security and belonging. Children grow and learn together, sharing responsibilities and all the joys and sorrows of daily life.
The Village: The SOS family is a part of the community.
SOS families live together, forming a supportive village environment where children enjoy a happy childhood. The families share experiences and offer one another a helping hand. They also live as integrated and contributing members of the local community. Through his or her family, village and community, each child learns to participate actively in society.
FAMILY STRENGTHENING PROGRAMME (FSP)
FSP, a preventive community intervention programme, covers over 17,000 children at 33 locations across India. Designed to prevent children from losing parental care or from being abandoned, this programme runs in slums and rural areas, within a 30km radius of an SOS Children's Village. The beneficiaries of this programme are children of the most vulnerable lot i.e. children of widows, single women, and Below Poverty Line (BPL) families. Spanning 3 to 5 years, the programme aims to enable families to move out of the vicious cycle of poverty towards greater dignity and self-reliance by ensuring education of children and income generating capacity development of the care givers.
Taking a child rights based approach this programme attempts to assist and empower parents or caregivers in taking care of children in their natural families and communities. In the process it strengthens not only the families and their children whose upliftment it basically aims at, but also creates a vibrant network within the community that will last much longer and become sustainable in caring for the vulnerable families for a very long period.
At present SOS-India reaches out to more than 17,000 children and their families through the programme. It is being implemented at 33 locations in 22 states and is supported by local partners and communities.